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Category: Asbestos Exposure

Image of Alabama Dry Dock and Shipping Company launching ways under construction, representing the workers who may have contracted mesothelioma from Alabama Dry Dock.

In the 20th century, using asbestos in shipbuilding was common. Asbestos was a natural material valued for its insulating and non-corrosive properties—perfect for ships. Today, we know that working with asbestos can be deadly, and those who did so in the past may suffer devastating consequences even decades later. For example, people may have developed mesothelioma from Alabama Dry Dock and Shipping Company work.

Do you Have Mesothelioma From Alabama Dry Dock and Shipping Company Employment?

Most people don’t think a job can come back to haunt them decades later. But if you’ve worked with asbestos, that’s exactly what can happen.

Alabama Dry Dock and Shipping Company: The Early Years

In 1917, Ollinger and Bruce Drydock Company, Gulf City Boiler Works, Alabama Iron Works, and Gulf Dry Dock Company merged to become Alabama Dry Dock and Shipping Company, also known as ADDSCO. ADDSCO became one of the largest marine manufacturing centers in the earlier part of the 20th century, dedicated to Gulf region shipping, repairs, and construction. Originally a repair yard for large ships, Alabama Dry Dock played an active role in both World Wars. The company built and assembled the Bankhead Tunnel after World War I.

ADDSCO Changes Gears During the War

At the start of World War II, the U.S. Maritime Commission named Alabama Dry Dock one of nine emergency shipyards to focus only on producing naval warships. Because the demand for warships was so high, ADDSCO became the single largest employer in Alabama, employing almost 30,000 workers.

Alabama Dry Dock’s Employment Diversity During World War II

Of these workers, over 2,500 of them were women. Female workers at Alabama Dry Dock were responsible for welding or quality control. Over 25 percent of all defense-related jobs in Mobile, Alabama were held by women.

Alabama Dry Dock was also one of the largest employers of African-Americans at the time, in lower-level jobs, such as acting as assistants to white welders. Despite initial efforts to run segregated facilities, some African-American workers were promoted to welders and became part of previously all-white crews. There was a race riot in May of 1943 that required the intervention of the National Guard; it was not safe for the African-American employees to go back to work for several days.

Ship Production at ADDSCO During World War II

Alabama Dry Dock and Shipping Company produced 20 Liberty destroyers between 1941 and 1942, some of which went to the British fleet as part of the lend-lease program. Demand shifted due to losses in the open seas, and ADDSCO produced 90 oil tankers between 1943 and 1945. Alabama Dry Dock also refitted 2,800 ships for combat by the time the war ended.

Changing Operations at Alabama Dry Dock After World War II

After World War II, ADDSCO had to lay off thousands of workers each month, reducing its workforce to about 2,000 employees by the 1960s. With demand for new shipbuilding down, the shipyard turned to work repairing ships until 1967, when it began building rescue ships for the U.S. Navy. Alabama Dry Dock continued to build rescue ships until the project ended in 1972.

Other projects also kept ADDSCO shipyard workers busy in the 1970s. ADDSCO workers assisted in constructing the George Wallace Tunnel on Interstate 10. Alabama Dry Dock was also one of three companies that helped form the world’s largest ice-breaking ship by converting the tanker Manhattan. The Manhattan sailed the Northwest Passage to clear a sea route to the oil fields of Alaska. Later in the decade, ADDSCO built four semi-submersible oil platforms to be used by the Coral Drilling Company in the Gulf of Mexico.

Alabama Dry Dock and Shipping Company continued to repair ships until a series of accidents damaged the facility in the 1980s. Atlantic Marine Holdings bought the facility in 1989 and split it into two companies, Atlantic Marine Mobile and Alabama Shipyard. The companies were both sold to JFL Partners, LLC in 2006 and have been combined again to become Atlantic Marine Alabama.

Asbestos and Alabama Dry Dock

Before the 1970s, asbestos in shipbuilding components was common because of the material’s fireproofing and insulating properties. Asbestos was used in boilers, incinerators, steam pipe insulation, and hot water pipes. While OSHA now regulates asbestos use in shipyards, Alabama Dry Dock employees who worked there prior to the 1970s were often exposed to asbestos without the aid of proper protective clothing or gear. This put them at risk for inhalation of asbestos fibers.

Symptoms of Mesothelioma From Alabama Dry Dock Asbestos Exposure

When asbestos fibers are inhaled, they can become lodged in the lungs. This can cause a number of serious illnesses, including lung cancer, mesothelioma, asbestosis, and other forms of cancer. Mesothelioma is a rare but serious form of cancer that is often misdiagnosed as pneumonia or lung cancer unless the doctor is aware of prior exposure to asbestos. While mesothelioma can take over 40 years before symptoms begin to manifest, many patients who are diagnosed with mesothelioma often learn that they have less than a year to live.

The history of asbestos at ADDSCO is not commonly discussed, but it’s a reality. Alabama Dry Dock workers should monitor their health carefully and consult a doctor if they experience any symptoms associated with mesothelioma. Anyone who has been diagnosed with mesothelioma from Alabama Dry Dock employment should also consider contacting a lawyer to discuss his or her legal rights.

What to do if you Have Mesothelioma From Alabama Dry Dock Employment

Have you or someone you know been diagnosed with mesothelioma from Alabama Dry Dock asbestos exposure? If so, you may be entitled to compensation. Consult an experienced mesothelioma attorney right away to find out more. The mesothelioma attorneys at Nemeroff Law Firm have years of experience getting settlements and verdicts for asbestos exposure victims just like you. To find out more, call us toll-free at 866-342-1929 or complete our online contact form for a free case evaluation. We’re here to fight for you.

Image of the USS Albany (CA-123) underway, representing those who were exposed to asbestos on the USS Albany and how the mesothelioma lawyers at Nemeroff Law Firm are ready to defend the legal rights of those victims.

Exposure to asbestos on the USS Albany isn’t how most remember this proud ship. But in addition to its peacetime and training missions, the ship’s history also contains a dark cloud: asbestos exposure to those who worked or served on the ship. Even though the ship is no longer around, the effects of asbestos exposure on the USS Albany remain.

Asbestos on the USS Albany: A Peacetime Ship With a Dangerous Legacy

In her 35-year career, the USS Albany (CA-123) participated in mostly peacetime exercises and maneuvers. But, like many ships of her day, the Albany contained parts with asbestos. Those who built the ship, served on her, or participated in the two conversions or modifications through the years are now at risk of developing mesothelioma from asbestos exposure on the USS Albany.

The Early Years of the USS Albany

The USS Albany (CA-123) was ordered for the U.S. Navy during World War II. Bethlehem Steel Company laid down the keel on March 6, 1944 and began the construction. She was launched on June 30, 1945 and commissioned on June 15, 1946 under the command of Captain Harold A. Carlisle.

In her early career, the USS Albany operated off the East Coast and in the West Indies. She conducted a number of training cruises to naval reservists and NROTC midshipmen until September 11, 1948. On that date, she departed Chesapeake Bay for her first Mediterranean deployment with the Sixth Fleet. Over the next 10 years, she would continue to alternate Mediterranean cruises with East Coast operations, West Indies operations, and cruises to South America. In January 1951, she transported the official U.S. representative to the inauguration of the President of Brazil.

More Exposure to Asbestos on the USS Albany During the Ship’s Conversion to a Guided Missile Cruiser

The USS Albany was decommissioned from June 30, 1958, until November 3, 1962, as she underwent conversion as a guided missile cruiser. She was redesignated as CG-10 on November 1, 1958. Upon her recommissioning, she resumed her repertoire of Mediterranean cruises with operations in the North Atlantic, along the West Coast, and in the West Indies. Unfortunately, the in-depth conversion process led to more service men and women suffering asbestos exposure on the USS Albany.

The Later Years of the USS Albany

During her foreign cruises, the USS Albany participated in many naval exercises with friendly foreign naval units. She was again decommissioned from March 1, 1967, until November 9, 1968, as she underwent another series of modifications. The cruiser spent a third period of decommissioning from 1973 until May 1974 during a major overhaul at Philadelphia Naval Shipyard. Upon her recommissioning, she operated out of her homeport in Norfolk, soon becoming the flagship of the Second Fleet.

After the honor of serving as the flagship of the Second Fleet, the USS Albany had her homeport shifted to Gaeta, Italy, where she served as the flagship of the Sixth Fleet from 1976 until 1980. The cruiser was decommissioned for the last time on August 29, 1980. She was struck from the Naval Vessel Register on June 30, 1985 and sold for scrap in 1990. Part of the cruiser’s bow is kept at the Albany County Fairgrounds in Altamont, NY.

Asbestos on the USS Albany: A Dangerous Legacy

Like nearly every other ship built during World War II, the USS Albany (CA-123) and asbestos go hand in hand. Not known to be a toxic substance at the time, asbestos-was in many components used in the ship’s construction. Specifically, asbestos on the USS Albany was used for its fireproofing properties as well as its resistance to corrosion, heat, and water. Because of this, it could be found in virtually all areas of the cruiser, including turbines, incinerators, gaskets, boilers, valves, steam pipes, hot water pipes, caulking, pumps, wall insulation, fire doors, rope, engine rooms, floor tiles, and ceiling tiles.

Anyone who served onboard the USS Albany or participated in her repair and overhaul was put at risk of developing life-threatening asbestos-related illnesses like asbestosis, lung cancer, throat cancer, stomach cancer, colon cancer, rectal cancer, and mesothelioma, a type of cancer that targets the protective lining surrounding the lungs and other organs.

Asbestos on the USS Albany and Mesothelioma

Men and women exposed to asbestos on the USS Albany should monitor their health carefully and consult a doctor if they experience any symptoms of mesothelioma. Even family members who spent time with the asbestos-exposed person are at risk. If you or someone you love worked in or around the USS Albany and mesothelioma symptoms are apparent, you should also consider contacting a lawyer to discuss your legal rights.

The mesothelioma lawyers at Nemeroff Law Firm have helped asbestos exposure victims nationwide. If you or a loved one have been exposed to asbestos on the USS Albany and now suffer from an asbestos-related disease like mesothelioma, contact us for a free case evaluation or call us at 866-342-1929. We’re here to fight for you.

Image of the USS Bon Homme Richard (CVA-31), representing those who served or worked on the ship, how asbestos on the USS Bon Homme Richard may be affecting them even decades later, and how the mesothelioma lawyers at Nemeroff Law Firm help protect the rights of such victims nationwide.

Asbestos on the USS Bon Homme Richard (CVA-31) is not normally what comes to mind when thinking of this U.S. Navy ship, but, sadly, it is a part of the ship’s story. For those who worked or served on the ship, learning more about asbestos exposure is imperative.

Asbestos on the USS Bon Homme Richard: Learn the History

Like many U.S. Navy ships, the USS Bon Homme Richard and her crew worked tirelessly around the world. Her proud history spans three conflicts around the globe. But those who served or worked on or around the ship may be carrying more than memories with them years later. For those exposed to asbestos on the USS Bon Homme Richard, mesothelioma may be the most lasting legacy.

The USS Bon Homme Richard Joins World War II

The USS Bon Homme Richard (CVA-31), nicknamed “Bonnie Dick,” was ordered for the U.S. Navy on July 9, 1942. Her birthplace was Brooklyn Navy Yard, where her construction began on February 1, 1943. She was launched on April 29, 1994, and commissioned on November 26, 1944, commanded by Captain A.O. Rule, Jr.

The USS Bon Homme Richard joined the Navy’s Pacific Fleet toward the end of World War II. In June 1945, she joined the fast carriers to participate in the final raids on the Japanese home islands. She continued to operate off the coast of Japan until September. Under Operation Magic Carpet, she brought American military personnel back home from the war zone until 1946. She was decommissioned on January 9, 1947.

The USS Bon Homme Richard in the Korean War

When the Korean War broke out, the USS Bon Homme Richard was recommissioned as CV-31 on January 15, 1951, under the command of Captain Cecil B. Gill. She headed to Korea to launch air strikes against Korean targets in North Korea. After the second tour ended in December 1952, USS Bon Homme Richard was designated as CVA-31. She was again decommissioned from May 1953 until September 1955 to undergo a conversion to ready her to work with high-performance jets. After she was recommissioned, the USS Bon Homme Richard was deployed frequently with the Seventh Fleet. She took part in cruises to the Western Pacific and the Indian Ocean from 1957 until 1964.

The USS Bon Homme Richard in the Vietnam War

When the Vietnam War began, the USS Bon Homme Richard took part in her third armed conflict. She was deployed on five combat tours in Southeast Asia from 1965 to 1970. Her planes fought with and downed North Vietnamese MiGs and struck infrastructure and transportation targets.

The USS Bon Homme Richard was decommissioned for the last time on July 7, 1971. She was struck from the U.S. Naval Vessel Register on September 20, 1989 and sold for scrap in March 1992. The aircraft carrier received a single battle star for her service in World War II and five battle stars for service during the Korean War.

Asbestos on the USS Bon Homme Richard: What You Need to Know

Like so many other ships built during the World War II Era, the USS Bon Homme Richard was built with many components and materials made from asbestos. Asbestos was often used as a cheap insulator that was also resistant to fire, heat, water, and corrosion. Because of this, it was used all over the ship, from the engine room to the deck. Asbestos was also used in the construction of the carrier-borne aircraft she carried.

Anyone who served or worked in some way on board the USS Bon Homme Richard without protective gear may have been exposed to dangerous levels of asbestos. Asbestos exposure puts those individuals—and their families—at risk of developing life-threatening asbestos-related illnesses like mesothelioma, asbestosis, lung cancer, throat cancer, stomach cancer, colon cancer, or respiratory cancer.

The USS Bon Homme Richard and Asbestos Protections for You and Your Loved Ones

Asbestos-related illnesses can appear years after exposure. USS Bon Homme Richard workers and their families should monitor their health carefully and consult a doctor if they experience any symptoms associated with mesothelioma or other asbestos-related illnesses. Disease caused by asbestos exposure on the Bonn Homme Richard—or even secondhand exposure—requires swift treatment. If, after service on the USS Bon Homme Richard, mesothelioma is your diagnosis, you should also take immediate steps to secure your legal rights.

Anyone whose illness may be related to exposure to asbestos on the USS Bon Homme Richard should also consider contacting a lawyer to discuss his or her legal rights. The mesothelioma lawyers at Nemeroff Law Firm have helped protect the rights of victims of asbestos exposure nationwide. Contact us online today for a free case evaluation or call us at 866-342-1929.

Image of the USS Bairoko (CVE-115), representing the many who worked or served on the Bairoko and asbestos exposure that could result in mesothelioma or other asbestos-related cancers but for whom the asbestos attorneys at Nemeroff Law Firm can put their decades of experience to work.

The USS Bairoko and asbestos exposure—not things you would normally put together, but unfortunately they go hand in hand. The United States has always had a respected naval fleet, but, sadly, our brave service men and women were placed in danger beyond the dangers of battle and war. Little did the sailors serving before the 1970s know that the ships themselves were dangerous, constructed with asbestos components, a cancer-causing material.

The History of the USS Bairoko and Asbestos Exposure

In the early 20th century, shipbuilders regularly constructed Navy ships with asbestos parts. Those who built, served on, or repaired ships could have been exposed to asbestos particles that we now know can cause deadly forms of cancer. The Navy ordered many ships through the years, including the USS Bairoko, and asbestos was part of her construction.

The USS Bairoko’s Early History and Korean War Contributions

The USS Bairoko (CVE-115) was ordered for the U.S. Navy during World War II, although she was originally meant to be named the USS Portage Bay. Construction began at Todd-Pacific Shipyards in Tacoma, Washington. She was launched on January 25, 1945, and commissioned on July 16, 1945, under the command of Captain H.B. Temple.

Too late to join the fighting in World War II, the USS Bairoko was involved in a variety of peacetime activities. She cruised to the Far East from October 18, 1946, to January 25, 1947, and again from February 18 to May 30, 1947. The ship was decommissioned on April 14, 1950.

The USS Bairoko was recommissioned shortly after on September 12, 1950 when the Korean War began. The aircraft carrier made three cruises to support United Nations forces in Korea: November 14, 1950, to August 15, 1951; December 1, 1951, to June 9, 1952; and February to August 1953.

The Bairoko engaged in a number of air strikes against the North Korean and Chinese Volunteer armies. Her antisubmarine planes patrolled the Korean waters and looked for signs that the Soviet Union was going to join forces with the North Koreans.

On May 9, 1951, there was an explosion on board the USS Bairoko. Five men were killed and 13 others were injured by the explosion and flash fire. The ship itself did not sustain much damage, and she was able to remain in position.

The USS Bairoko and Bomb Testing

The USS Bairoko sailed back to the West Coast in August 1953. She headed to the Bikini Atoll for hydrogen bomb testing in January 1954. On March 1, 1954, during the Castle Bravo atomic test, the bomb tested was more powerful than any other nuclear device detonated by the United States. Unfortunately, the detonation also resulted in accidental radiological contamination as well. Fallout from the Castle Bravo test resulted in 16 Bairoko crew members receiving beta radiation burns.

The USS Bairoko’s Final Decommissioning

The USS Bairoko returned to San Diego for training exercises from May to June 1954. She was decommissioned on February 18, 1955. The ship was reclassified as an aircraft transport, AKV-15, in May 1959, but she did not perform any service in that role. She was struck from the Naval Vessel Register on April 1, 1960, and sold for scrap in August 1960. The aircraft carrier (CVE-115) received three battle stars for her service in the Korean War.

The USS Bairoko and Asbestos Exposure: A Sad Legacy

Like other ships built around World War II, the USS Bairoko (CVE-115) was built using materials containing asbestos. Not known to be hazardous at the time of the ship’s construction, asbestos was known for its resistance to fire, heat, water, and corrosion. It was used throughout the ship, from turbines and boilers to caulk and gaskets. Asbestos was also used in the aircrafts that she carried.

Many worked on or around the USS Bairoko, and cancer today may be the result of asbestos exposure on the ship. This is especially true for people who worked without the benefit of protective clothing and respiratory gear. People exposed to asbestos are at risk of developing any number of asbestos-related illnesses, including mesothelioma, asbestosis, lung cancer, throat cancer, stomach cancer, colon cancer, and rectal cancer. These illnesses caused by asbestos exposure may appear decades later.

What to do if You’re Concerned About Service on the USS Bairoko and Asbestos Exposure

USS Bairoko workers should monitor their health carefully and consult a doctor if they experience any symptoms associated with asbestos-related illnesses. Anyone on the ship during construction, damage, or repair may have been exposed to asbestos, which can result in mesothelioma or other types of cancer. Even family members of those who served or worked on the Bairoko are at risk due to secondhand exposure.

Those who were exposed to asbestos on the USS Bairoko who later developed mesothelioma or another asbestos-related illness should take steps to protect their legal rights. If you or a loved one served or worked on the USS Bairoko and asbestos exposure is a concern, contact an asbestos attorney to learn about your legal rights. The asbestos attorneys at the Nemeroff Law Firm have decades of collective experience getting compensation for asbestos exposure victims. Contact them today by calling 866-342-1929 or fill out an online form for a free consultation.

Image of the USS Albacore, representing the people who served or worked on the USS Albacore and asbestos exposure they suffered, the possibility of suffering from mesothelioma as a result, and how the Nemeroff Law Firm can help protect their legal rights.

Those who have served in the U.S. Navy have put themselves in harm’s way for the protection of all U.S. citizens. In times of conflict and in times of peace, they trained and patrolled to keep U.S. people and soil safe. Little did they know that a perilous danger also lay within one of the submarines on which they lived and served. We now know that working on the USS Albacore and asbestos exposure are one and the same.

The Lasting Legacy of the USS Albacore and Asbestos Exposure

The USS Albacore and asbestos exposure weren’t always in the forefront when people thought about the submarine. Instead, focus was on the submarine’s successful missions, brave service personnel, and sacrifice. But today, any who served or worked on her may be focused more on asbestos exposure on the USS Albacore.

The USS Albacore Joins the Navy During World War II

The USS Albacore (SS-218) was ordered for the U.S. Navy before the United States entered World War II. Her keel was laid down by the Electric Boat Company on April 21, 1941. She was launched on February 17, 1942 and commissioned on June 1, 1942 under the command of Lieutenant Commander Richard C. Lake.

The USS Albacore left Pearl Harbor on August 28 to patrol the waters surrounding Truk. She launched torpedoes at a number of Japanese ships through October, avoiding depth charges on several occasions. The submarine then headed to Midway Island, arriving on October 20 for refitting. In November, she headed off to patrol the coast of New Guinea. She managed to sink the Japanese cruiser Tenryu on December 18 before putting in for overhaul at Brisbane, Australia on December 30.

Operations of the Albacore on the Other Side of the Globe

After her overhaul was complete, the USS Albacore went out to patrol the coast of New Guinea again. By March 11, 1943, she had been credited with sinking an enemy destroyer and a frigate. Her next patrol of the Solomon Islands and the Bismarck Islands began on April 6, but reported no hits.

The USS Albacore patrolled the same area in June, this time damaging a transport but not sinking any ships. Her next patrol in August scored three torpedo hits to sink the Japanese ship Heijo Maru. She was bombed by a plane from the Fifth Army Air Force on her next patrol in November, but she was not damaged. Two days later, she was bombed by another American aircraft that knocked out her auxiliary power, requiring her to resurface. She made repairs while continuing her patrols.

On November 25, the USS Albacore sank the Japanese transport Kenzan Meru. At the end of December and into January 1944, she patrolled the area north of the Bismarcks. During this patrol, she sank the Cohoko Maru and blew up the destroyer Sazanami. The submarine headed back to Mare Island via Pearl Harbor for repairs at the end of February.

The USS Albacore’s Contributions in the Pacific

Repairs were completed in May, and the USS Albacore spent a few weeks training before returning to the war zone. She set out to patrol the area near the Mariana Islands and the Palaus at the end of May, but she was unable to launch any attacks. After the American invasion of Saipan in June, the submarine headed off in search of the Japanese task force headed back to the island. On June 18, she launched a number of torpedoes at the Japanese vessels, then was forced to dive when the ships dropped more than 25 depth charges. One of her torpedoes hit home on the Japanese carrier Taiho, sinking the flagship of Admiral Ozawa, though their success was unknown until a prisoner of war (POW) revealed it several months later.

Following the sinking of the Taiho, the USS Albacore took on lifeguard duty for the aircraft attacking Yap and Ulithi. She put in for refitting at Majuro on July 15, emerging on August 8 to patrol the area between Bungo Suido and Kii Suido. By September 25 when she returned to Pearl Harbor, she had sunk a Japanese cargo ship and submarine chaser.

The Disappearance of the USS Albacore

The USS Albacore left Pearl Harbor on October 24, 1944, refueling at Midway Island four days later. She was never heard from again. The submarine is believed to have struck a mine off the northeastern shore of Hokkaido on November 7. She was presumed lost on December 21 and removed from the Naval Vessel Register on March 30, 1945. The submarine earned nine battle stars and the Presidential Unit Citation for her service in World War II.

Service on the USS Albacore and Asbestos Exposure

Like virtually all other vessels from the World War II era, the USS Albacore was built using asbestos-containing materials. The toxic substance asbestos was known for its resistance to heat, water, fire, and corrosion, so it could be found in nearly all areas of the submarine.

Anyone who served on board the USS Albacore or participated in her repair and overhaul was put at risk of developing asbestos-related illnesses like asbestosis, lung cancer, throat cancer, stomach cancer, colon cancer, rectal cancer, and mesothelioma, a dangerous form of cancer that attacks the protective lining surrounding the lungs and other organs.

USS Albacore workers should monitor their health carefully and consult a doctor if they experience any symptoms associated with mesothelioma. Even family members of those who worked on the Albacore could be a risk due to secondhand exposure to asbestos on the USS Albacore. Anyone with a diagnosis of mesothelioma and USS Albacore service or work should also consider contacting a lawyer to discuss his or her legal rights.

USS Albacore and Asbestos Exposure: Where to Turn Now

If you know someone who worked on or around the USS Albacore and asbestos exposure there has resulted in mesothelioma or another asbestos-related disease, you need an experienced mesothelioma attorney to explain and protect your legal rights. At Nemeroff Law Firm, our team of mesothelioma lawyers has won settlements and verdicts for asbestos victims across the nation. For more information on how to protect your rights, call us at 866-342-1929 or complete our online contact form for a free case evaluation. We’re here to fight for you.

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